The aloe vera (Aloe vera) b>, also known as pharmaceutical aloe, is a type of succulent plant that probably originated from North Africa,
the Canary Islands and Cape Verde. Aloe vera grows in arid climates and is widely found in Africa and other arid areas.
The species is known for the use of alternative therapies using plants. Many scientific studies have been done on the use of that proves that the extracts of genuine aloe may be useful in treatment for healing wounds and burns
but also for the treatment of diabetes and elevated blood lipids. These positive effects are considered to be due to the presence of elements such as polysaccharides,
anthraquinone and lectins.
Aloe vera is a plant (belonging to the lily) which reaches about 60 eos 100 b> m. In height. T a leaf is thick and fleshy, green to gray-green, with some varieties showing white spots on the leaf surfaces. Turns summer flowers, which hang from a single stem of up to 90 cm. in height. The flowers have a tubular form, with yellow rim reaches about 2-3 cm. The species has a number of synonyms: Aloe of Barbados Miller b>, aloe Indian Royle, Aloe Perfoliata L. var. aloe vera and the common Lam. and common names, including: Chinese Aloe, Indian Aloe, true aloe, aloe Barbados, the plant first aid.
The genus name vera means true or gnisio.Orismena writings recognize the form of aloe genuine with white dots as Aloe Vera var. Chinensis However, species vary in the leaf spots has been proposed that the dotted form of pure aloe may belong to the same genus with Aloe Massawana. The species was first described by Charles Linnaeus in 1753 as Aloe Perfoliata variety Vera  and has been described again by Nicolaas Laurens Burman as Aloe Vera in the Flora Indica book April 6, 1768 and as Aloe Barbadensis b> by Philip Miller about ten days after Burman in the Gardener's Book Dictionary. Techniques based on the DNA comparison suggest that aloe vera is closely related to Aloe Perryi, a species that is endemic to Yemen. Similarly, comparison of chloroplast DNA refers to that aloe vera is closely related to Aloe Forbesii, Aloe Inermis, Aloe Scobinifolia, Aloe Sinkatana and Aloe Striata. Apart from the South African species, Aloe Striata, these species of aloe, found in Socotra (Yemen), Somalia and Sudan. The obvious lack of natural populations of these species has led some researchers to suggest that aloe vera may be hybrid origin.